We will continue talking about the basics and some guidelines that have to be taken into account for a ecological agriculture.
To carry out organic farming, seeds that have been genetically modified or transgenic plants should not be used. Transgenic plants are modified to become more resistant to diseases or pests. These manipulations suffered by the seeds or plants could damage the future of agriculture.
Within this type of agriculture adapted seed varieties are used to the local conditions being able to improve the results and avoiding the disappearance of varieties of plants.
To maintain soil fertility, crop rotation is advised to avoid the appearance of fungi and pests.
Organic foods are of better quality, more nutritious, healthier and tastier. Non-organic products are more regular in their color, shape and size. While they are prettier in appearance, they do not taste as good as those grown naturally.
A key point within the ecological agriculture It is the use of water. It is essential to make efficient use and not waste it. The reuse of wastewater is advised, another option is desalination of brackish or marine waters.
Soil erosion and degradation is one of the great environmental problems. To avoid the problem, you should work little and cover the soil with a mulch based on manure and straw. In the case of fruit trees, they should be kept covered with grass, stirring occasionally.
Normally it is necessary to till the earth are tempero or seasoning, it should not be too wet or too dry. When the soil is tilled with low humidity the structure will look very crumbled or earthy, if you work on a very wet surface it is usually called.
It should not be worked out routinely, only when necessary, minimizing the amount of work. You don't have to mix horizons or turn the floor completely.
Photo | Flickr
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