In this article we will refer to organic farming, its basic principles and some of the techniques that will allow you to apply them in a family garden.
Many studies were able to show that an industrialized crop can impact the environment and generate risks for people and the environment. For that reason, for several years, great value has been given to the traditional way of producing, respecting the planet and with techniques compatible with technological development.
At present you can find in the market agricultural and livestock products that are marketed under the name of ‘ecological’. In countries like Spain, they created consumer cooperatives of these products, which are obtained directly from their producers at an affordable price.
Organic farming is characterized by not using phytosanitary products such as insecticides, acarids, fungicides, herbicides. Conventional chemical fertilizers are not used in this type of agriculture since they can contaminate freshwater. Nitrates are very soluble and can be filtered into the soil reaching groundwater.
I know use natural fertilizerss such as cow, horse, sheep, goat, manure, industrial compost, homemade compost, black peat, blond peat, earthworm humus, urban waste, sewage sludge, green manure, fishmeal, meat meal, slaughterhouses Potato, beet necks, seaweed, guano, bat droppings, chicken manure, palomina, grape marc, olive pomace, distillery pulps, hardwood sawdust (which should be placed in the compost), ashes.
You can also use different organic mineral fertilizers such as siliceous rocks, magnesia, dolomite, natural phosphates, magnesium sulfate.
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