Sometimes it is necessary to prune the trees, a maintenance pruning It allows to give the cup a certain height and maintain the structural branches (both the main and the secondary ones).
In some trees, such as ornamental trees, it is not essential to prune every year, but every two or three. In the case of fruit trees it will be necessary to do them every year.
When we talk about maintenance pruning, we mean to review in order to eliminate undesirable elements, including: branches that are dead, broken or diseased, remove stumps, eliminate sprouts that leave from the ground or base of the tree.
When pruning the trees we must remember to remove the branches that intersect or rub against each other, the branches that touch the electric wires, and those that prevent the passage of people or vehicles. Too you must remove the branches with risk of breakage, for example, those that have a narrow angle to the trunk.
In some species it is necessary to perform a pruning in order to avoid the appearance of fruits or flowers. A clear example is the Morera, which is pruned to limit the production of fruits that soil the soil or cover the drains, also allows larger leaves to be obtained that will provide a good shade during the summer.
There are different techniques What you should keep in mind when performing maintenance pruning:
- Branch thinning technique
- Cup reduction techniques
- Shape profiling technique or topiary
In the branch thinning technique the branch of the cup is unloaded so that greater transparency is gained. When removing some branches, the interior will be given light, and the lower branches must be removed to give it a greater volume of the tree.
In the reduction technique from the canopy it helps trees that have grown a lot. In these cases it will be necessary to reduce the volume. For that they must be cut on the armpit of the lateral twigs. This will help correct healing of the cut. This type of pruning should be done every two or three years.
In the shape profiling clippings should be made to maintain the profile of trees or shrubs in geometric or artistic forms.
Photo | Flickr
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